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India >> Rajasthan >> Kota >> National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary
National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary Kota, Rajasthan
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The National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary consists of about 400 km of Chambal River, which begins from Rajasthan’s Kota district. Rajasthan falls on the north and south of the river as it courses through Swai Madhopur. Further downstream, the sanctuary areas includes Dholpur in Rajasthan and Morena in Madhya Pradesh, when the river enters Uttar Pradesh, Agra district falls to its north and Bhind district in MP to its south. Further downstream (after 40 km), in UP’s Etawah district, the sanctuary limits ends about 5 km beyond the confluence of the Chambal and Yamuna at Bahreh. In width, the sanctuary extends from 1 km to more than 6 km on either side of the river, at different places. The total sanctuary area is approximately 635sq km in UP, 320 sq km in MP and 285 sq km in Rajasthan.

 

Chambal, as far the mythological tale goes, was born of cow blood, sacrificed by a king to attain the supreme, which prompted the priests and saints to curse and label it unholy and consequentially, few temples only could come up along its bank. This possibly is the reason why, apart from Kota, no industrial town could got established near it. The absence of similar polluting cities and industrial units all along its stretch has helped this river to be one of North India’s cleanest and bestowed the region with a remarkable and amazing variety of fauna.

 

The sanctuary was established in 1979. From near Ranthambhore, up to Bhind, the river forms the state boundary between Rajasthan and Uttar Paradesh on one side and Madhya Pradesh on the other. About 400 kms of the river has been declared a sanctuary. Some 220 km – approximately 20 km upstream from Dholpur, river’s course is flanked by mud ravines, at times extending to 10 km on either side, these are a unique geological feature that shifts with the annual monsoon flooding, creating a labyrinthine topography which became particularly infamous in the 70s and 80s for harboring the dacoits.

 Orientation

The vegetation around Chambal is essentially scrubby and thorny, an aquatic (River Sanctuary) and tropical ravine thorn forest along the banks of river, consisting mainly of Khair, Palash, Babul and Churel, Ber and Shisham. Chambal’s big predators are the freshwater Crocodile and the Gharials, latter is the only surviving member of their species (gavialdae). The river is also home to Smooth-coated Otter, at least eight kind of tortoise, 30 varieties of fish and the actually threatened Gangetic dolphin, an animal particularly sensitive to polluted habitats. Its survival in the Chambal testifies to the river’s health. Apart from the abundance of food that the river’s clean water generates, its banks are, for most of the part, sparsely populated, and therefore very conducive for attracting birds, the region boasts of a rich 246 species of resident and migratory birds

 Getting there

Location

The sanctuary consists of 400 km of the Chambal River, which flows through Kota, Bundi, Swai Madhopur, Karuli and Dholpur districts of Rajasthan, Morena and Bhind districts of Madhya Pradesh and Agra and Etawah districts of Uttar Pradesh.

 

Distance

Kota is 240 km south of Jaipur

 Fast Facts
Name National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary Best Time To Visit November to March
Location Kota   Rajasthan   West   India   Best Sighing November to March
Open From 2010-08-15  To 2011-08-15 Type Wildlife Sanctuary
Temperature Summar   38°-44°      Winter   4°-10°      Rainy   25°-32°
 Map
 
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