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India >> North >> Himachal Pradesh >> Great Himalayan National Park: Kullu Valley
Great Himalayan National Park: Kullu Valley Himachal Pradesh, North
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Since eons the Himalayas have been a source of awe and inspiration to mankind. This extensive mountain system is largest, tallest and is among the youngest mountain chains on earth. In India, they are believed to the Devbhumithe abode of the gods. The Himalaya are also one of the most fragile mountain regions of the world, its enormous bio-diversity is amazing but under constant threat due to the alarming rise in human activities. The unique ecological aspects of the Western Himalaya including its rich bio-diversity, along-with the solid supporting features of sparse human populations, inaccessibility, minimal tourism, and a local economy based on traditional livelihoods, led to the creation of the Great Himalayan National Park (GHNP) in the Kullu district,  Himachal Pradesh.


About a third of the park supports closed canopy forests which extend from the valley bottom to a height of 3,300-3,600 mts. a little over half the area of the park lies above 4,000m, the approximate upper boundary of sub-alpine and alpine scrub vegetation.


The dense evergreen forests of conifers, lush emerald meadows spangled with vibrant fragrant blooms, lofty snowy peaks and pristine glaciers makes  this an idyllic Himalayan retreat. The secluded Sainj and Tirthan valleys are home to abundant and varied range of fauna - wild mountain goats like the bharal, goral and serow, brown bears, leopards and the elusive snow leopard. Exotic Himalayan birds and different varieties of pheasants - monal, khalij cheer and tragopan inhabit this place.


The Great Himalayan National Park (754 sq km) consists of the watersheds of the Jiwa, Sainj and the Tirthan rivers, all tributaries of the Beas. It is naturally protected to its east by the Great Himalayan Range, to its south and north by impassable ridges or snow bound areas. The boundaries of the park are contiguous with the Pin Valley National Park in the Trans-Himalaya, the Rupi-Bhabha Wildlife Sanctuary in the Sutlej watershed and the Kanawar Wildlife Sanctuary.


The park has four main entry points: Gushaini (about 34 km from Aut) is the road head for trekking in the Tirthan Valley, Neuli (40 km from Aut) is where trekking trails in the Sainj Valley start, while Siund village (30 km from Aut) is the starting point for treks in the Jiwanal Valley and Barshaini (on the north-eastern fringe of the park) is the starting point for treks up to Mantalai and the Pin-Parvati Pass.


Venturing into this National Park requires a certain degree of preparedness for trekking here can be quite wearisome. It is essential to be in excellent form, apart from your backpack you need to carry basic trekking equipment such as tents, sleeping bags, stove , utensils and snow boots depending on your trek route.


GHNP is endowed with vast stretches of virgin and unexplored forests that make for some excellent wildlife spotting. Only means of exploring this park is on foot, no doubt an arduous task but the forest departments huts offer a welcome refuge.

 Getting there

Location / Distance


50 km from Kullu in the Seraj Tehsil of Himachal Pradesh.

 Fast Facts
Name Great Himalayan National Park: Kullu Valley Best Time To Visit April to May and winters for snow leopard
Location Himachal Pradesh   North   India   Destination  
Open From 0000-00-00  To 0000-00-00 Type Mountain Wildlife Park
Temperature Summar   14-20C      Winter   -5-0C      Rainy   10-14C
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