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In which part of the world is India located?

India, the subcontinent as it is rightly called, is set apart from the rest of Asia by the Himalayas, the highest, youngest and still evolving mountain chain on the planet earth. Located in South Asia, this thick, roughly triangular peninsula is surrounded by three large water bodies, Indian Ocean in the south, Arabian Sea in the west and Bay of Bengal in the east and is immediately recognizable on the world map. Countries who border India are Nepal, Bhutan and China in the north, Pakistan in the west, and Bangladesh and Myanmar in the east. The island nation of Sri Lanka in south appears to be a squeezed out part of India.
From north to south India extends a good 2000 miles (3200 km). India has a total area of 3,287,263 square km. North India is the country’s largest region, begins with Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Moving south along the Indus River, the north becomes flatter and widening into the fertile plains of Haryana and Punjab to the west and Himalayan foothills of Utter Pradesh and Uttrakhand to the east. Cramped between the state of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Utter Pradesh is the Capital city, Delhi. The states of Rajasthan, Gujrat, Maharashtra, Goa and part of Madhya Pradesh constitute West India. East India begins with the states of Madhya Pradesh, Chhatisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Orissa, which comprise the westernmost part of the region. East India contains an area known as the eastern triangle and states in this region are Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya and Assam. India reaches its peninsular tip with South India; the states in south are Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Kerla.
Entry to India by Air:- India is very well connected to almost all the countries in the world through air traffic network. Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai, Jaipur, Bangalore, Hydrabad and Thiruvananthapuram are the International gateways for India. Out of these airports, Delhi and Mumbai are the most preferred gateways as Delhi being the capital city and Mumbai is considered the commercial capital of India. Major international airlines flying to India are Air France, Austrian Airlines, Alitalia, Air India, British Airways, Lufthansa, Singapore Airlines, Swiss Air, United Airlines, Emirates, SAS, Indian Airlines (for neighboring countries and Middle East), Virgin Atlantic, Qatar Airways etc.
Entry to India by Road:- India can also be entered through certain road entry points from Nepal, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.
Indian Railways, accredited with managing one of the world’s largest railway services network, Managing over 60,000 km of track and transporting over 11 million passengers every day. Indian railways are an efficient service and reliable and cheap means of transport. You have an array of classes and categories like the super fasts, mail, express, inter city and country passenger services to choose from, on almost every available route.
Bookings of tickets can sometimes be taxing and trains are overcrowded so advance planning is suggested. However, most railway booking offices offer a separate queue for foreign travelers as a facility. Special quota reservation for foreign tourist is also available on showing travel documents and money changing receipts or ATM slips when paying in rupees.
Indian railway stations have every conceivable amenity on the stations. There is well-informed inquiry window besides frequent announcement of train delays, arrivals and departure on the public address. The reservation chart is placed at a well-appointed place to locate your coach number. Every railway station is protected by the railway protection force and have police station for complains. In case of any assistance you also approach the Station Master or the Station Superintendent.
What climate do we expect in India? What is the best time to visit India?

India has a tropical climate. Summers, April to July, are hot and humid, especially in the northern and western part of India. Monsoon strikes southern and eastern coasts as early as March and April and sweeps across the whole nation and brings good rains in most part of the country and leaves by August. Winters, on sets from mid of September, and stays till the end of February are quite cold in entire Northern India, but mild in the Southern Peninsula.

Large climatic variations, attributed to its huge size and difference in the geographical parameters and nearness to sea, India, is gifted with and one can witness virtually every kind of atmosphere, here. Majestic Himalayas are quite enjoyable during the summers, northern plains and western India in the winter, also the eastern and the central India. Southern India is blessed throughout the year. You have seasons to visit destinations.
International Airport:- Jaipur has the only International Airport in Rajasthan and has the credential of being the first ISO certified airport of India. The infrastructure at the airport is being upgraded so that more international airlines open Jaipur as their destination.
However, most travelers arriving in Rajasthan land at New Delhi or Mumbai International Airports. New Delhi is the closest major international airport and is the preferred gateway of most travelers to Rajasthan. Mumbai is also an alternative and is one of India major international airports.
Domestic Airports:-Rajasthan has airports at Jaipur, Jodhpur and Udaipur, while the airport at Jaisalmer opens from 1st October to 31st March. Government run airline Indian Airlines and other private airlines operate daily services to all airports in Rajasthan from New Delhi and Mumbai. To add to your convenience, the domestic airport at New Delhi and Mumbai are located near the international airport and flight to Jaipur, Jodhpur and Udaipur operates from domestic airports only.
Train network:- Rajasthan has well connected network of railways and well managed and kept railway stations. All major and important Rajasthan towns are well connected by daily services from New Delhi, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and other principle cities of India.
For comprehensive information on train schedules, fares and booking position you can log on to www.indianrail.gov.in .  The railway inquiry number locally from any city is 131. You can book tickets to from any destination to any destination from a remote booking office. Railways also offer packages for tourists.
Bus:- State owned Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation maintains an extensive and immaculate network of bus services. The corporation connects every conceivable hub to its regional principle town, with in the state. The state capital Jaipur, other cities and major townships are well connected with national capital Delhi and with other Indian states and their important cities. There is a bus service from Delhi to Jaipur at a frequency of almost one service for every fifteen minutes. Similarly Agra-Jaipur is also well connected.
The bus services are available in Air-conditioned and deluxe class on selected routes and express and ordinary busses are available on all routes. Tickets are normally available at the time departure but advance tickets can also be purchased, in some case you buy ticket on the bus itself. For a more comprehensive view of bus service, timings and fares log on to www.rsrtc.com
Cars, Taxis & Local Transport:- Taxis are available in wide-ranging variety from small, midsize to utility vehicles. Station wagons, coupe and luxury cars are available too. Cars can also be rented with or without drivers. It is even possible to hire a motorcycle.
Auto-rickshaws:- are noisy canvass top three wheelers powered by a two-stroke engine similar to scooter or a motorcycle. The driver sits in the front and drives by scooter like handle. It can carry two to three passengers and has enough luggage space for a couple of suitcases or handbags. They follow the same ground rules as taxis and charge fare by the meter. These are good transport for short distances and narrow and busy lanes. Cycle Rickshaw, these are effective three wheel push pedal cycles. It has a seat for two passengers and is a slower alternative to auto-rickshaws.
Local busses and mini busses:- Also plies on fixed routs and are helpful for commuting to Forts and palaces located just outside or at the outskirts of a city.
Other Utilities:- Other essential utilities and services like Banks, ATMs, Authorized money exchangers, Postal services (Post can be received as poste restante with your surname written first, addressed care off GPO or General Post Office of any town you intend to visit), Medical facilities, Courier services, Telephones (ISD, STD & Local calls), Cyber cafes, News papers and National and International magazines etc. are all available at almost every market place of almost every city and town you visit.