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India >> Rajasthan >> Bharatpur >> Bharatpur and Deeg
Bharatpur and Deeg Bharatpur, Rajasthan  More Images
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Bharatpur- The 'Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan', was founded by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733 AD, it was once an impregnable well fortified city, carved out of the region formerly known as Mewat. The place was named as Bharatpur after the name of Bharat, the brother of Lord Rama, whose other brother Laxman was worshipped as the family deity of the Bharatpur. The legends say the rulers Laxman's name is engraved on the state arms and the seals.


The magnificient 18th century Bharatpur fort built by Raja Suraj Mal was also known as Loha Gadh and proved to be impregnable. Some interesting monuments in the fort are Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas, Moti Mahal and Kothi Khas. Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj, inside the fort, were built by Suraj Mal to commemorate the victories over the Mughals and the British. The Ashtadhatu (eight-metal) gateway has paintings of huge elephants.The Government museum in the fort houses sculptures, inscriptions and exhibits of art and culture of the region. Of the other remnants of the royal past remains the marvelous Bharatpur Palace, housing a rich repository of a large number of ancient exhibit that date back to the early 15th century. This royal monument is a brilliant blend of Mughal and Rajput architecture. There is also a museum in the central wing with a few exhibits dating to the 2nd century A.D which demonstrates the art and skill of the region.


Bharatpur is popular for its bird sanctuary-the Keoladeo Ghana National Park - the finest in Asia’s rich avian variety. Every year the rare Siberian cranes come to spend the winter in the warmer climate of Bharatpur.


Once the summer resort of the rulers of Bharatpur, Deeg served as the second capital of the region. This interesting town at about 32kms’ from bharatpur is strewn with massive fortifications, stunningly beautiful gardens, magnificent palaces and a colourful bazaar. The gardens have beautiful tinkling fountains and the aura exudes a majestic Mughal style. The palaces worth visit are Gopal Bhavan, Suraj Bhavan and the Deeg Palace.


The Bandh Baretha dam built on Kukund River is spread over 36 sqkms. There is an old palace owned by the Bharatpur royal family, near the banks built by Bharatpur Maharaj. Although nobody lives there now the whole place is a wonderful place to disconnect and relax.


The best part about Bahartpur is the location of the place which is very convenient for tourists from many states to access it. The area being a part of desert experiences extreme climates. This land of the Rajputs tells many stories of braveries against the attacks by Mughals and the British. The area is also famous for the forts, palaces and the Mughal and Rajput architecture visible almost everywhere. The Land, its people and the architecture tell an impassive story about these fighters who survived and flourished in these hostile conditions. For example, constructed by the Bharatpur Jat ruler King Suraj Mal in the early 18th century the Lohagarh fort is considered to be one of the strongest fort ever built in Indian history. The Lohagarh fort scores a little less on lavishness and splendor but makes up the same with the highly creative defense system that protected it every time. The monuments of Kishori and Moti Mahal and Kothi Khas are worth spending time in. The towers of Jawahar and Fateh Burj were constructed inside the fort for commemorating the victories over Mughals and British. The Ashtadhatu (eight-metals) gateway is work of great artmanship displaying paintings of huge elephants. The moat surrounding the fort thwarted at least 4 British attempts to lay siege to the fort. The gardens in the fort are beautiful and stand testimony to the artistic and aesthetic nature of the rulers. The famous Lohagarh Fort houses the Bharatpur Museum also along with its rich treasure of archaeological wealth. The exhibits include excavated sculptures from old villages of Mallah, Bayana, Bareh, etc. The artifacts are from the Ist century A.D. (Kushan period) to 19th century A.D. The museum displays an array of paintings, zoological specimens, local art and manuscripts in full glory. The miniature peepal leaves and mica paintings are a treat to watch. Weaponry of the Rajput warriors is also on display in 'Chaddra'. It is worth remembering that the museum welcome visitors only between 1000hr to 1630hr everyday except Fridays and gazette holidays.

One can visit the impressive Deeg palace when in Deeg. This fort built by Raja Suraj Mal stands majestically over a slightly elevated point and is surrounded by impressive moats, ramparts and gateways. The interiors are mostly in ruins now, but the watch tower still stands keeping an eye over the city and the palace. A gun captured from Agra Fort is placed here. Another defunct cannon, which was captured from Ahmad Shah Abdali (1761 AD) – who seized the fort for six months guards the vantage point.


Another beautiful and captivating location in Bharatpur, the Keoladeo National Park is not very large being 29 sq km. There are well-defined treks which can easily be covered on foot or on a cycle or you can hire a rickshaw (the best way). They are available on hire. Rickshaw pullers have been trained by the park management in bird watching and are quite knowledgeable. Boats are also available on hire. A boat trip early in the morning or late evening is quite a rewarding experience. Do not forget to carry a binocular for watching the birds.About 50 km to the south of Keoladeo National Park, Bundh Baretha was the second wildlife reserve of the rulers of Bharatpur, it is essentially a reservoir that serves as a wintering ground for migratory waterfowls. The reservoir is the outcome of a dam on Kakund river and is a perennial source of water for birds. An old palace owned by the Bharatpur royal family, near the reservoir, is all there is by way of structures. The lack of human habitation makes it a serene place although a few resorts are coming up. Chestnut bittern, little cormorant and purple heron are some of the birds commonly seen here, while prominent animals in adjoining forests include sambhar, chital, blue bull, wild boar, hyena and leopard. Avid birders make it a point to visit Bundh Baretha that also happens to provide water to Bharatpur town.


Bayana is 45 kms. from Bharatpur between the two ranges of the Aravali hills running more or less parallel to each other close to the left bank of Gambhir river, formerly a tributary of Banganga. The famous fort known as Bijay Garh (Vijay Garh) was built by the famous King Banasur, in the time of Lord Krishna and was renovated by Maharaja Vijai Pal. The fort here is considered to be the 3rd largest in India. The palace, a high tower and Bhim Lath stand out as landmarks.


Kaman is a very old town, also known as Kamawan situated in the north of Bharatpur. It is a sacred town of Hindus as it forms a part of Braj area where Lord Krishna spent his early life. Kaman is the short name of Kadambawana for numerous Kadhamba trees are found here. Kaman is a place of pilgrimage, which is visited by a large number of Vaishnavas in the month of Bhadon as a part of Banyatra. The remains of a temple /mosque consisting of 84 pillars, named Chourasi Khamaba’ still exist here. The pillars are ornamented and sculpted. Some palaces of Jaipur Chiefs still exist here.

 Getting there



Bharatpur, Eastern gate of Rajasthan, is situated between 26° 22' to 27° 83' North Latitude and 76° 53' to 78° 17' East Longitude. It is situated 100 meters above the sea level. It is 184 km. away from Delhi in South-East. Northern Border of the district touches district Gurgaon of state Haryana, Eastern Border touches district Mathura, Southern Border touches district Agra of state Uttar Pradesh and district Dholpur of Rajasthan. It touches district Dausa in south-west and district Alwar in the North-West.



Bharatpur is 251kms from Delhi, 56kms from Agra, 313kms from Ajmer and 176kms from Jaipur.

 Fast Facts
Name Bharatpur and Deeg Best Time To Visit October to February
Location Bharatpur   Rajasthan   West   India  
Open From 0000-00-00  To 0000-00-00 Type
Temperature Summar   49c-37c      Winter   27c-3.5c      Rainy   67cms
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